Newman was concerned, throughout his life, by the spread of a spirit of infidelity in the world. He came to see in the Catholic Church, gathered round the Bishop of Rome, the only true repository of Christ's promise that not even the Gates of Hell would prevail against the Church founded on the rock of St Peter.
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Newman's description of the Arian heresy remains an excellent one.
Newman recognised that some of the language used in Scripture supported the contention of Arius that Jesus was a 'creature' and therefore not divine; here Newman begins to explore the process by which the Church decided that whatever arguments could be used in that direction, its own unbroken tradition pointed elsewhere.