The penultimate sign of authentic development is that it is in line with what came before.
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In Newman's time, as now, there was a fashion to downplay dogma and doctrine and exalt emotion. This is a good warning against that temptation.
In this fourth extract from Tract 85, Newman gets to the meat of the argument
This is the second part of Tract 85: there are three more to come this week.
Usually we look at a theme carried across several of Newman's sermons, but this week we shall be focussing on one sermon Difficulties in the scripture proof of the Catholic Creed from the 1838 Tract 85. The text here is from the 1872 Discussions and Arguments volume in the collected works.
Here Newman shows how we can resolve difficulties with Scripture only by taking it as the Canon validated by the Church.
Newman traces the doctrines of the Church as they can be read from the Scriptures.
Further considering the developing understanding of doctrine, here Newman shows how reason is ever the handmaid, but not the master, of faith.
Newman came to see 'that the principle of development not only accounted for certain facts, but was in itself a remarkable philosophical phenomenon, giving a character to the whole course of Christian thought. It was discernible from the first years of Catholic teaching up to the present day, and gave to that teaching a unity and individuality. It served as a sort of test, which the Anglican could not stand, that modern Rome was in truth ancient Antioch, Alexandria, and Constantinople, just as a mathematical curve has its own law and expression.'
Here he looks at the idea of Faith.
In this passage, Newman considers the ways in which the doctrine of the Incarnation illustrates the idea of the developing understanding of doctrine.
Newman's phrase, that 'To be deep in history is to cease to be a Protestant' comes from the introduction to his famous essay On the Development of Christian Doctrine, and this extract puts it into context...